Termux, una terminal de Linux para Android

Logo de Termux

Termux es un emulador de terminal que permite tener un entorno Linux en Android. Podemos instalarlo desde Google Play o desde F-Droid (recomiendo esta última opción).

Descripción en F-Droid

Una vez instalado lo abrimos y se configurará de forma automática. Una vez que esté listo veremos algo así

Consola de Termux

Para gestionar los paquetes utilizaremos el comando pkg, el cual utiliza la sintaxis del ccomando apt, utilizado en Debian. Les recomiendo actualizar el sistema base a la última versión

pkg upgrade

Si van a utilizar el editor nano será necesario instalarlo

pkg install nano

Les recomiendo agregar una segunda fila de teclas de función al teclado tactil de la terminal, para lo cual sería necesario crear un archivo de configuración

mkdir ~/.termux
nano ~/.termux/termux.properties
Editor nano

Una vez que estemos dentro del editor introducimos lo siguiente

extra-keys = [ \
 ['ESC','|','/','HOME','UP','END','PGUP','DEL'], \
 ['TAB','CTRL','ALT','LEFT','DOWN','RIGHT','PGDN','BKSP'] \
]

Guardamos los cambios, reiniciamos Termux y tendremos una segunda fila de teclas de función para trabajar con más comodidad

Ahora podremos instalar programas como nmap para escanear puertos, python para programar, o un cliente ssh para conectarnos a servidores remotos

pkg install nmap
pkg install python

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