Analizando Jellyfin, un servidor multimedia que vale la pena probar

Logo de Jellyfin

Plex es un software bastante utilizado al querer montar un servidor multimedia, pero tiene el inconveniente de tener que pagar una suscripción para poder utilizar todas las funciones, algo que me parece absurdo cuando se trata de un software que funciona en nuestro propio servidor. Jellyfin es una alternativa de código abierto que tiene muchas de las características que tiene Plex y más. Aún le faltan algunas características, pero ya tiene la estabilidad necesaria para poder utilizarlo. El servidor es multiplataforma, pero en este caso se mostrará el procedimiento de instalación en una Raspberry Pi. Primero necesitamos ir al sitio oficial, nos vamos a la sección de descargas y seleccionamos nuestro sistema operativo, en este caso Debian

Procedimiento de instalación de versión inestable en Debian

También nos preguntará si instalaremos la versión estable o la inestable, en mi caso seleccioné la estable debido a unos problemas que tuve al intentar instalar la versión inestable. Seguimos las instrucciones que nos dan y lo tendremos instalado. Una vez que esté nos aseguramos que esté en funcionamiento con el siguiente comando

# systemctl status jellyfin

Una vez que esté funcionando abrimos el navegador e introducimos la dirección ip de nuestro servidor y especificamos el puerto 8096

http://127.0.0.1:8096

Nos aparecerá un asistente de configuración que nos preguntará el idioma predeterminado para la interfaz

Asistente de configuración

Despues nos preguntará por el nombre de usuario y contraseña del administrador

Asistente de configuración

En la siguiente pantalla nos preguntará por las bibliotecas de medios, lo cual podemos configurar en este momento o dejarlo para mas tarde

Asistente de configuración

Agregar una nueva biblioteca de medios es tan sencillo como indicar el tipo de medio y la ubicación de estos. Una vez que tengamos creadas las bibliotecas pulsaremos en siguiente. Ahora nos preguntará por el idioma en que queremos que busque los metadatos para nuestro contenido

Asistente de configuración

Despues nos preguntará si deseamos que nuestro servidor sea accesible desde internet. En caso de quererlo así, nos permitirá abrir los puertos necesarios de forma automática a través de UPnP. En caso de utilizar un proxy inverso mediante Apache, Nginx, u otro que tengamos, será conveniente habilitar la primera, pero no la segunda. Con esto termina el asistente de configuración y nos redirigirá a la pantalla de inicio de sesión

Pantalla de inicio de sesión

En la versión estable disponible en el momento de escribir este artículo el servidor no busca automáticamente las imágenes de los artistas de las biblioteas de música, por lo que tendremos que agregarlas manualmente

biblioteca musical

Otra característica que necesitamos configurar manualemente en algunos casos son las etiquietas asignadas a los artistas, las cuales son necesarias para encontrar similitudes entre uno y otro

Reproductor de música

He probado la reproducción de música en formato ogg y flac en la versión web de Jellyfin desde Chrome y es capaz de reproducirla sin requerir transcodificación. El cliente oficial para Android está en constante evolución y están trabajando implementar la librería exoplayer para la reproducción multimedia, lo cual permitiría agregar un modo offline. En el sitio oficial hay una lista con los clientes compatibles, tanto oficiales como de terceros. El servidor es compatible con DLNA, lo cual permite reporducir contenido en más dispositivos

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